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Are There Really 9 Separate Accounts of 约瑟夫 Smith’s First Vision?

发表于 最近更新时间: By: 作者 教会历史

分类目录 教会历史, 约瑟夫·史密斯, 恢复

Are There Really 9 Separate Accounts of 约瑟夫  Smith’s First Vision?

在 the spring of 1820, 神 the Father and Jesus Christ appeared to 约瑟夫 Smith as he prayed in a grove of trees near his home in western New York. This event is known as the First Vision. (To read about the vision in 约瑟夫 ’s own words, 点击这里

第一眼 约瑟夫  Smith

在 the early 1800s in the United States there was great excitement about religion. 约瑟夫 ’s family members had joined different churches, but 约瑟夫 was unsure which 上e he should join.

When 约瑟夫 was 14 years old, he was inspired 通过 雅各书1:5,承诺“如果你们中的任何一个缺乏智慧,就让他向上帝求问,那是自由地赐给所有人,而不是扬弃人。并且应该给他。” 约瑟夫 determined to pray to know which church he should join and to ask for forgiveness of his sins.

When 约瑟夫 knelt to offer up the desires of his 听t, a dark power overcame him. It bound his tongue as thick darkness gathered around him. 约瑟夫 exerted all his power to call upon 神.

他描述了接下来发生的事情:

“我看到头顶上方的一道光柱,正好超过太阳的光辉,它逐渐下降直到落在我身上。

“… When the light rested upon me 我看到两个人物 whose brightness and glory defy all description, standing above me in the air. One of them spake unto me, calling me 通过 name and said, pointing to the other—This is 我亲爱的儿子。 Hear Him!” (约瑟夫 Smith—History 1:16–17)。

At the moment the light appeared, 约瑟夫 felt delivered from the enemy that had held him bound. 约瑟夫 felt great joy and love for several days after.

During the vision, 约瑟夫 asked which church was correct, and Jesus Christ answered, telling 约瑟夫 not to join any of them. The 主 explained that the churches of the day believed “错误的教义,没有人承认上帝是他的教会和王国” (Teachings of Presidents of 教堂: 约瑟夫 Smith [2007], 438时间和季节 1842年3月1日,第707;也可以看看 约瑟夫 Smith—History 1:19)。

第一眼 约瑟夫  Smith

圣徒:真理的标准, it details 约瑟夫 ’尝试与他人分享“第一愿景”的事件:

A few days later, while talking to a preacher, 约瑟夫 told him about what he had seen in the woods. The preacher had been active in the recent religious revivals, and 约瑟夫 expected him to take his vision seriously. 

At first the preacher treated his words lightly. People claimed to have heavenly visions from time to time. But then he became angry and defensive, and he told 约瑟夫 that his story was from the devil. 

The days of visions and revelations had ceased long ago, he said, and they would never return. 约瑟夫 was surprised, and he soon found that no 上e would believe his vision. 

他们为什么会呢?他只有十四岁,几乎没有受过任何教育。他来自一个贫穷的家庭,并期望在他的余生中工作,从事土地工作和打零工,以维持微薄的生活。然而,他的证词困扰着一些人,足以嘲笑他。 

他认为,这个世界上没有任何影响的简单男孩会吸引如此多的苦涩和轻蔑是多么奇怪。“为什么迫害我说实话?” he wanted to ask. “为什么世界会想让我否认我实际看到的东西?” 

约瑟夫 puzzled over these questions for the rest of his life. “我实际上看到了一盏灯,在那盏灯的中间,我看到了两个人物,他们实际上是在对我说话,”他后来讲到“尽管我因说自己看到了异象而受到仇恨和迫害,但这是事实。” “我知道,我知道上帝知道,” he testified, “我无法否认。”

Once 约瑟夫 discovered that sharing his vision 上ly turned his neighbors against him, he kept it mostly to himself, content with the knowledge 神 had given him. 

后来,在他离开纽约后,他试图在树林中记录他的神圣经历。他描述了他对宽恕和救主的向往’向需要悔改的世界发出警告。他用中止的语言自己写下了这些话,以期认真地抓住当下的威严。 

在随后的几年中,他利用抄写员更公开地叙述了这一愿景,他们可以帮助他更好地表达出违背所有描述的内容。他讲述了自己寻求建立真正教会的愿望,并描述了先出现介绍儿子的父神。他写关于自己寻求宽恕的文章较少,而写更多关于救主的文章’真理的普遍信息,以及恢复福音的必要性。

With each effort to record his experience, 约瑟夫 testified that the 主 had 听d and answered his prayer. 

The First Vision marked the beginning of the Restoration of the gospel of Jesus Christ in this last dispensation. 约瑟夫 Smith was chosen to be the 主’s prophet in the latter days. Over time, the 主 restored His authority and Church through 约瑟夫 Smith.

神’s children were again blessed with revelation through prophets called of 神, just as they were in biblical times. Revelation continues to this day through each of 神’s chosen prophets who have succeeded 约瑟夫 Smith.

第一愿景账户

约瑟夫 Smith recorded that 神 the Father and Jesus Christ appeared to him in a grove of trees near his parents’ home in western New York State when he was about 14 years old. Concerned 通过 his sins and unsure which spiritual path to follow, 约瑟夫 sought guidance 通过 attending meetings, reading scripture, and praying.

在 answer, he received a heavenly manifestation. 约瑟夫 shared and documented the First Vision, as it came to be known, 上 multiple occasions; he wrote or assigned scribes to write four different accounts of the vision.

约瑟夫 Smith published two accounts of the First Vision during his lifetime. The first of these, known today as 约瑟夫 Smith—历史在《大价钱明珠》中被册封,因此成为最著名的记载。

第一眼 约瑟夫  Smith

记录在Joseph Smith中的两个未发布的帐户’直到1960年代为耶稣基督后期圣徒教会工作的历史学家重新发现并出版这些文献之后,人们通常就忘记了最早的自传和后来的期刊。从那时起,这些文件在教会杂志,教会所有和教会附属出版社所印刷的作品以及其他地方的后期圣徒学者中反复讨论。1 In addition to the firsthand accounts, there are also five descriptions of 约瑟夫 Smith’他的同龄人所记录的愿景。2

《第一视野》的各种叙述都讲述了一个一致的故事,尽管自然而然,它们的重点和细节各不相同。历史学家期望,当一个人在多年中向不同的受众讲述多种环境的体验时,每个帐户都会强调体验的各个方面并包含独特的细节。

的确,保罗的多种经文记载存在与《第一异象》相似的差异。’通往大马士革和使徒路的愿景’在变身山上的经验。3 尽管存在差异,但“第一愿景”的所有内容仍保持基本一致性。有些人错误地认为故事重述的任何变化都是捏造的证据。相反,丰富的历史记录使我们比不那么有据可查的更多地了解了这一非凡的事件。

我不担心先知约瑟·斯密(Joseph Smith)给出了许多不同的第一版异象,而我担心新约圣经中有四位不同的福音作家,每个作家都有自己的见解,每个人都在讲述这些事件以满足他的要求。当时的写作目的。我更担心上帝在这个分配中揭示了一个伟大而奇妙而美丽的计划,该计划激励着男人和女人去爱他们的创造者和他们的救赎主,互相欣赏和服务,在通往道路的道路上信仰行走永生与永生。 (Gordon B.Hinckley, “上帝没有给我们恐惧的精神,” 少尉,1984年10月,2)。

第一愿景的叙述

Each account of the First Vision 通过 约瑟夫 Smith and his contemporaries has its own history and context that influenced how the event was recalled, communicated, and recorded. These accounts are discussed below.

1832帐户。 最早的关于《第一异象》的叙述,唯一用约瑟·史密斯写的叙述’约瑟·史密斯(Joseph Smith)在1832年下半年出版的一部简短的未公开自传中找到了自己的手。在《新约》中读到过有关内容,这将使他获得救赎。

他强调耶稣基督’赎罪及其提供的个人救赎。他写道“the 主” appeared and forgave him of his sins. As a result of the vision, 约瑟夫 experienced joy and love, though, as he noted, he could find no 上e who believed his account. 在此处阅读1832帐户。

1835年帐户。 1835年秋天,约瑟夫·史密斯(Joseph Smith)向来俄亥俄州柯特兰市的游客罗伯特·马修斯(Robert Matthews)讲述了他的《第一视野》。重述,记录在约瑟夫’他的抄写员沃伦·帕里什(Warren Parrish)的日记强调他试图发现哪个教会是正确的,他祈祷时感到的反对以及一个神职人员的出现,不久之后另一个神职人员出现。这个叙述也指出了天使在异象中的出现。 在这里阅读1835年帐户。

1838帐户。 今天的后期圣徒最了解的第一视觉的叙述是1838年的叙述。最早出版于1842年 时间和季节 the Church’s newspaper in Nauvoo, Illinois, the account was part of a longer history dictated 通过 约瑟夫 Smith between periods of intense opposition.

Whereas the 1832 account emphasizes the more personal story of 约瑟夫 Smith as a young man seeking forgiveness, the 1838 account focuses 上 the vision as the beginning of the “教会的兴起与进步。”就像1835年的叙述一样,叙述的中心问题是哪个教会是正确的。 在这里阅读1838年帐户。

1842年帐户。 为回应而写 芝加哥民主党 编辑约翰·温特沃斯’要求提供有关后期圣徒的信息,此帐户已打印在 时间和季节 in 1842. (The “Wentworth letter,”众所周知,这也是《信仰条款》的出处。)4 The account, intended for publication to an audience unfamiliar with Mormon beliefs, is concise and straightforward. As with earlier accounts, 约瑟夫 Smith noted the confusion he experienced and the appearance of two personages in answer to his prayer.

The following year, 约瑟夫 Smith sent this account with minor modifications to a historian named Israel Daniel Rupp, who published it as a chapter in his book, 他帕萨 [The Whole Church]: 美国目前存在的宗教派别的原始历史。5 在这里阅读1842年帐户。

二手帐户。 Besides these accounts from 约瑟夫 Smith himself, five accounts were written 通过 contemporaries who 听d 约瑟夫 Smith speak about the vision. 在这里阅读这些帐户。

第一眼 约瑟夫  Smith

Arguments Regarding the Accounts of 约瑟夫 Smith’s First Vision

The variety and number of accounts of the First Vision have led some critics to question whether 约瑟夫 Smith’s descriptions match the reality of his experience. Two arguments are frequently made against his credibility: the first questions 约瑟夫 Smith’对事件的记忆;第二个问题是他是否随着时间的流逝而修饰了故事的元素。

记忆。 One argument regarding the accounts of 约瑟夫 Smith’s First Vision alleges that historical evidence does not support 约瑟夫 Smith’s description of religious revival in Palmyra, New York, and its vicinity in 1820. Some argue that this undermines both 约瑟夫 ’声称具有非同寻常的宗教热情,并描述了异象本身。

Documentary evidence, however, supports 约瑟夫 Smith’关于复兴的声明。他所居住的地区以其宗教热情而闻名,无疑是宗教复兴的温床之一。历史学家称该地区为“烧毁的地区”因为传教士在1800年代初期用尽土地复兴营地并寻求camp依者。6 

在 June 1818, for example, a Methodist camp meeting took place in Palmyra, and the following summer, Methodists assembled again at Vienna (now Phelps), New York, 15 miles from the Smith family farm. The journals of an itinerant Methodist preacher document much religious excitement in 约瑟夫 ’的地理区域分别是1819年和1820年。

他们报告说,复兴主义卫理公会牧师乔治·雷恩牧师两年来都在该地区,“on 神s method in bringing about Reformations.”7 This historical evidence is consistent with 约瑟夫 ’的说明。他说,他所在地区或地区的宗教活动异常活跃“从卫理公会开始。” 在deed, 约瑟夫 stated that he became “somewhat partial” to Methodism.8

点缀。 The second argument frequently made regarding the accounts of 约瑟夫 Smith’s First Vision is that he embellished his story over time. This argument focuses 上 two details: the number and identity of the heavenly beings 约瑟夫 Smith stated that he saw. 约瑟夫 ’第一愿景的描述随着时间的推移更详细地描述了天堂。

1832年帐户说,“The 主 opened the heavens upon me and I saw the 主。”他在1838年的帐目上说,“我看到两个人物”其中一个介绍另一个“My Beloved Son.” As a result, critics have argued that 约瑟夫 Smith started out reporting to have seen 上e being—“the 主”—最终声称自己见过父子。9

还有其他更一致的方式来查看证据。一开始就必须承认叙事的基本和谐:四个叙述中的三个清楚地表明,在《第一视觉》中约瑟·史密斯出现了两个人物。离群值是约瑟夫·史密斯’s 1832帐户,可以理解为指一两个人物。如果读到提到一个天上的存在,很可能是那些宽恕了他的罪过的人。

According to later accounts, the first divine personage told 约瑟夫 Smith to “hear”第二位是耶稣基督,他随后传达了主要信息,其中包括宽恕的信息。10 Joseph Smith’那么,1832年的论述可能集中在宽恕的承担者耶稣基督身上。

阅读1832年帐户的另一种方式是,约瑟·斯密(Joseph Smith)提到了两个存在,他都称这两个存在“Lord.”点缀论点基于这样一个假设,即1832年的描述只描述了一个神灵的出现。但是1832年的帐户并没有说只有一个出现了。请注意,两个引用“Lord”在时间上分开:首先“the 主”打开天堂;然后约瑟·史密斯看到“the 主。”

This reading of the account is consistent with 约瑟夫 ’s 1835 account, which has 上e personage appearing first, followed 通过 another soon afterwards. The 1832 account, then, can reasonably be read to mean that 约瑟夫 Smith saw 上e being who then revealed another and that he referred to both of them as “the 主”: “the 主 opened the heavens upon me and I saw the 主。”11

约瑟夫 ’s increasingly specific descriptions can thus be compellingly read as evidence of increasing insight, accumulating over time, based 上 experience. 在 part, the differences between the 1832 account and the later accounts may have something to do with the differences between the written and the spoken word. The 1832 account represents the first time 约瑟夫 Smith attempted to write down his history.

同年,他写了一个朋友,他觉得自己被监禁了“纸笔和墨水和弯曲的破碎的零散而残缺的语言。”他称书面文字为“小狭窄的监狱。”12 当我们认识到以后的帐户很可能是命令帐户时,其扩展性更容易理解,甚至可以预期—an easy, comfortable medium for 约瑟夫 Smith and 上e that allowed the words to flow more easily.

结论

约瑟·斯密(Joseph Smith)反复作证说,他经历了对父神和他的儿子耶稣基督的非凡想象。仅凭历史研究就无法证明“第一视野”的真实性或反对它的论点。了解约瑟·史密斯的真相’证词要求每一个热心寻求真理的人都研究唱片,然后对基督行使足够的信心,以诚恳谦卑的祷告向上帝求婚,唱片是否真实。

If the seeker asks with the real intent to act upon the answer revealed 通过 the Holy Ghost, the truthfulness of 约瑟夫 Smith’s vision will be manifest. 在 this way, every person can know that 约瑟夫 Smith spoke honestly when he declared, “I had seen a vision, 我知道,我知道上帝知道, 我无法否认。”13

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