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Full Details of the Martyrdom of Joseph 和 Hyrum Smith

发表于 最近更新时间: By: 作者 教会历史

分类目录 教会历史, 约瑟夫·史密斯, 先知

Full Details of the Martyrdom of Joseph 和 Hyrum Smith

On several occasions during his time in Nauvoo, 约瑟·史密斯 told the Saints he 为自己的生命而担心, 和 he worked to prepare the Church to continue in his absence.1 

1844年春,他在异见人士和该地区教会的反对者中都面临越来越多的反对。在六月初 1844年,持不同政见者发表了一份名为《 Nauvoo Expositor, which attacked 约瑟·史密斯’s character 和 criticized certain doctrines 和 practices of the Church.

Acting 上 their understanding of the law 和 fearing that the paper could bring increased persecution to the Church, 约瑟·史密斯 (as mayor of Nauvoo) 和 the city council considered the paper a public nuisance 和 ordered the press’s destruction.2 

几乎立即,教会的反对者发表了呼吁约瑟夫的呼吁。’s arrest 和 for further violence against the Saints. Joseph 和 his brother Hyrum 预期的逃逸 和 even crossed the Mississippi River, but they decided to submit to arrest 上 charges relating to the destruction of the press.3

Joseph 和 Hyrum Go to Carthage

Joseph 和 Hyrum reported to Carthage, Illinois, where they were further charged with treason 和 placed in custody pending a trial. Governor Thomas Ford had 答应他们保护 但是他们在一个敌对的城市被监禁时感到不安。

迦太基监狱

在监狱大楼的楼上等候时,约瑟夫,海鲁姆,威拉德·理查兹和约翰·泰勒研究了《摩尔门经》,唱了赞美诗,并向来访者说了祝福。

在六月 27, Joseph dictated a letter to his wife Emma in 哪一个 he 表达了他的爱 为他的家人和他对即将到来的审判的想法。“我非常辞职,” he wrote, “知道我是有道理的,并且已经尽了最大的努力。给孩子们和我所有的朋友们我的爱。”4

Late that afternoon, an armed mob charged the prison, rushed up the stairs, 和 fired shots into the room where Joseph 和 his companions were being held.

Hyrum was shot 和 killed almost immediately.

Joseph rushed to the window, was shot in the chest 和 the back, 和 fell to the ground below, where he was likely shot again.

约翰·泰勒(John Taylor)被枪杀四次,但幸存。5 

只有威拉德·理查兹毫发无损。

纳沃·莫恩斯(Nauvoo Mourns)

After the murders, Joseph 和 Hyrum Smith’的尸体被驱赶到纳沃 两个敞篷货车。 的 bodies were cleaned 和 examined, 和 death masks were made to preserve their facial features.

约瑟夫·史密斯死亡面具希鲁姆·史密斯死亡面具

公众参观,约有10,000人参加 人,在官邸举行。送葬者担心敌人会亵渎尸体,棺材中装满了沙袋,供公众埋葬。这些尸体最初被埋在未完工的Nauvoo房屋下,然后在几个月后被分解并在史密斯宅基地的附属建筑中重新埋葬。6

John Taylor 和 Willard Richards provided firsthand accounts of the murders, including entries Richards made in his journal while in 迦太基监狱.7 The Nauvoo Neighbor and Times 和 Seasons published an announcement of the deaths 和 a eulogy for Joseph 和 Hyrum, 哪一个 was later canonized in the Doctrine 和 Covenants.8 

I am very much resigned to my lot knowing I am Justified 和 have done the best that could be done

William Daniels, a member of the mob who observed events from outside the jail 和 who later joined the Church, also recorded his perspective.9 A detailed account produced in 1856 通过 John Taylor was used 通过 Church historians in compiling 约瑟·史密斯’s official history.10 In these accounts, Joseph 和 Hyrum were hailed as martyrs for the cause of the restored Church.

许多其他人留下了听到死亡消息的消息,目睹了寡妇艾玛·史密斯(Emma Smith)和玛丽·菲尔丁·史密斯(Mary Fielding Smith)的悲痛,并为失去先知和族长而哀悼。

“我看到我们挚爱的弟兄们被送入他们几乎分散的家庭时的死尸,”Vilate Kimball在给丈夫希伯(Heber)的信中写道。“我目睹了他们的眼泪和吟声,足以震撼坚定的心。目击现场的每个兄弟姐妹都深感同情。是的,每一个心灵充满悲伤, 纳沃的街道 似乎在哀悼。”11

joseph smith 和 hyrum smith statute

1845年5月,五名男子因谋杀被起诉,并在迦太基受审。由于担心司法系统对他们不利,并且担心会引发进一步的暴力,因此鼓励教会成员不作证或不参加审判。

没有摩门教徒的证人,起诉律师可能无法提供可靠的证词,他驳回了所有关键证据,导致陪审团宣判所有五人无罪。这导致一些学者将其视为伪造审判。12 

后期圣徒之间流传着有关谋杀者据称命运的故事。学者们研究了他们的生活,并确定这些关于神的报应的故事是民间传说而不是历史。13

约瑟·史密斯’自1830年成立以来,死因第一次使教堂没有领导人’的死亡消除了一种可能的继承途径。在先知和宗主教the难后的几个月中,绝大多数教会成员维持了十二人定额仲裁团的领导地位。14

为了更深入地了解the难, 点击这里 to read Joseph 和 David Lyon’s Physical Evidence at 迦太基监狱 和 What It Reveals about the Assassination of Joseph 和 Hyrum Smith


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